Purpose: The ACR has established that diversity and inclusion are central to its mission of excellence in the radiologic professions; therefore, radiologists have a responsibility to serve the imaging needs of the transgender community. To understand radiologists’ current knowledge of transgender topics, the authors performed a systematic review of publications from radiology journals. Methods: A lexicon of 14 transgender-related terms was created and expanded through a PubMed keyword search. From the 129 journals from the radiology, nuclear medicine, and medical imaging category of Journal Citation Reports, 106 journals met the inclusion criteria, including English translation and Scopus data for the study period. Using the Scopus advanced search feature, articles with titles, abstracts, Medical Subject Headings terms, or key words including 1 of 14 transgender terms were identified and analyzed. Results: Of the more than 200,000 articles published by the 106 journals from January 2008 to July 2019, 29 relevant articles were identified. Only 14 of the 106 journals published any transgender-related topics. The volume of articles has increased over time. The largest proportion of articles was published under the “general radiology” subsection, with the majority of these being editorials (6 of 10). Most of the original research was published under “neuroradiology” (7 of 13). Use of nonpreferred language, such as “transsexual” and “natal sex” was present through 2019. Conclusions: Publication on transgender-related topics was uncommon among radiology journals. It is important to encourage further research and publication on transgender topics, as well as use of respectful, accepted language in radiology journals.