Kinetic Analysis of AAA+ Translocases by Combined Fluorescence and Anisotropy Methods

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The multitude of varied, energy-dependent processes that exist in the cell necessitate a diverse array of macromolecular machines to maintain homeostasis, allow for growth, and facilitate reproduction. ATPases associated with various cellular activity are a set of protein assemblies that function as molecular motors to couple the energy of nucleoside triphosphate binding and hydrolysis to mechanical movement along a polymer lattice. A recent boom in structural insights into these motors has led to structural hypotheses on how these motors fulfill their function. However, in many cases, we lack direct kinetic measurements of the dynamic processes these motors undergo as they transition between observed structural states. Consequently, there is a need for improved techniques for testing the structural hypotheses in solution. Here, we apply transient-state fluorescence anisotropy and total fluorescence stopped-flow methods to the analysis of polypeptide translocation catalyzed by these ATPase motors. We specifically focus on the Hsp100-Clp protein system of ClpA, which is a well-studied, model ATPases associated with various cellular activity system that has both eukaryotic and archaea homologs. Using this system, we show that we can reproduce previously established kinetic parameters from the simultaneous analysis of fluorescence anisotropy and total fluorescence and overcome previous limitations of our previous approach. Specifically, for the first time, to our knowledge, we obtain quantitative interpretations of the translocation of polypeptide substrates longer than 100 aa.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Scull NW; Lucius AL
  • Start Page

  • 1335
  • End Page

  • 1350
  • Volume

  • 119
  • Issue

  • 7