Correlation of Glottic Gap and Voice Impairment in Presbyphonia.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to investigate the glottic gap area as a significant marker for the severity of presbyphonia as it relates to patient-reported outcome measures (Voice Handicap Index-10 [VHI-10]) and stroboscopic findings. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study conducted in an academic tertiary voice center. METHODS: Patients seen at a tertiary voice clinic who were diagnosed with presbyphonia without other organic laryngeal pathology from January 2014 to December 2017 were included. Clinical data and laryngeal videostroboscopy videos were collected. Still images at the point of vocal process approximation during adduction were captured, and the glottic gap area was measured using ImageJ. These were compared to a control cohort. Correlations were made using Wilcoxon rank sum test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were included. Inter-rater reliability of glottic area measurement was strong (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.73, P < .001). Compared to controls, presbyphonia patients had a larger glottic gap area (P < .001) and greater open-phase quotient on laryngeal videostroboscopy (P < .001). Larger glottic gap area did not correlate with patient-reported vocal function as measured by VHI-10 (P = .79) and did not correlate with presence of secondary muscle tension dysphonia (P = .99). In the presbyphonia cohort, the glottic gap area did not correlate with age (P = .29). CONCLUSIONS: Glottic gap area at the point of vocal process approximation during phonation can be reliably measured. Patients with presbyphonia have a larger glottic gap area and greater open-phase quotient on stroboscopy, but these do not correlate with patient-reported voice impairment or the presence of secondary muscle tension dysphonia (MTD). These data suggest that dysphonia severity in presbyphonia is not fully explained by a glottic gap or secondary MTD alone. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 131:1594-1598, 2021.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Presbyphonia, glottic insufficiency, muscle tension dysphonia, presbylarynges, vocal atrophy, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Case-Control Studies, Dysphonia, Glottis, Humans, Laryngoscopes, Laryngoscopy, Male, Middle Aged, Phonation, Reproducibility of Results, Retrospective Studies, Severity of Illness Index, Stroboscopy, Video Recording, Voice Quality
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • McGarey PO; Bitar R; Hughes CK; Hodson N; Harris EA; Dominguez LM; Dion GR; Simpson CB
  • Start Page

  • 1594
  • End Page

  • 1598
  • Volume

  • 131
  • Issue

  • 7