Autoinhibition of TRPV6 Channel and Regulation by PIP2

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Transient receptor potential vanilloid 6 (TRPV6), a calcium-selective channel possessing six transmembrane domains (S1-S6) and intracellular N and C termini, plays crucial roles in calcium absorption in epithelia and bone and is involved in human diseases including vitamin-D deficiency, osteoporosis, and cancer. The TRPV6 function and regulation remain poorly understood. Here we show that the TRPV6 intramolecular S4-S5 linker to C-terminal TRP helix (L/C) and N-terminal pre-S1 helix to TRP helix (N/C) interactions, mediated by Arg470:Trp593 and Trp321:Ile597 bonding, respectively, are autoinhibitory and are required for maintaining TRPV6 at basal states. Disruption of either interaction by mutations or blocking peptides activates TRPV6. The N/C interaction depends on the L/C interaction but not reversely. Three cationic residues in S5 or C terminus are involved in binding PIP2 to suppress both interactions thereby activating TRPV6. This study reveals “PIP2 - intramolecular interactions” regulatory mechanism of TRPV6 activation-autoinhibition, which will help elucidating the corresponding mechanisms in other TRP channels.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • iScience  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cai R; Liu X; Zhang R; Hofmann L; Zheng W; Amin MR; Wang L; Hu Q; Peng JB; Michalak M
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 9