Good practice statements (GPS) for the clinical care of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Despite advances in treatment options for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), there are still limited high quality data to inform clinicians regarding its management. Methods: In June 2018, the ISTH formed a multidisciplinary guideline panel to issue recommendations about treatment of TTP. The panel discussed 12 treatment questions related to both immune-mediated TTP (iTTP) and hereditary/congenital TTP (cTTP). The panel used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, including evidence-to-decision frameworks, to appraise evidence and formulate recommendations. Results: The panel agreed on eleven recommendations based on evidence ranging from very low to moderate certainty. For first episode and relapses of acute iTTP, the panel made a strong recommendation for the addition of corticosteroids to therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), and a conditional recommendation for addition of rituximab and caplacizumab. For asymptomatic iTTP with low ADAMTS13, the panel made a conditional recommendation for rituximab outside of pregnancy, and for prophylactic TPE during pregnancy. For asymptomatic cTTP, the panel made a strong recommendation for prophylactic plasma infusion during pregnancy, but a conditional recommendation for plasma infusion or a wait and watch approach outside of pregnancy. Conclusions: The panel’s recommendations are based on all the available evidence for the treatment effects of various approaches including suppressing inflammation, blocking platelet clumping, replacing the missing and/or inhibited ADAMTS13, and suppressing ADAMTS13 antibody production. There was insufficient evidence for further comparison of different treatment approaches, for which future high-quality studies in iTTP (e.g., rituximab, corticosteroids, recombinant ADAMTS13, and caplacizumab) and in cTTP (eg, recombinant ADAMTS13) are needed.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 19261793
  • Author List

  • Zheng XL; Vesely SK; Cataland SR; Coppo P; Geldziler B; Iorio A; Matsumoto M; Mustafa RA; Pai M; Rock G
  • Start Page

  • 2503
  • End Page

  • 2512
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 10