Effects of Intraoperative Ketamine on Post-Operative Recovery in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: A Case-Control Study.

Academic Article


  • Objective To evaluate the post-operative outcomes of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) given intraoperative ketamine. Design: case-control study A total of 574 patients (287 received ketamine and 287 were matched controls) diagnosed with OSA and body mass index (BMI) > 30 who received general anesthesia were included in this study. Patients given intraoperative ketamine were matched (1:1) with those who did not receive ketamine for age, gender, BMI, ethnicity, anesthesia time, intraoperative fentanyl dose, ketamine dose, and surgery type. A sub-analysis was performed based on the dose of ketamine administered and also on the surgery type. Measured outcomes include post-operative pain scores, post-operative opioid requirements, respiratory status, oxygen use, and duration post-operatively. Results Intraoperative ketamine use did not decrease pain scores or post-operative opioid use when compared with the control (no intraoperative ketamine) group. Patients who received high-dose ketamine had significantly higher post-operative pain scores (p=0.048) while in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) and required supplemental oxygen for a longer period of time (p = 0.030), pain scores were not significant for patients who underwent orthopedic/spine procedures (p = 0.074), and high-dose ketamine group patients who underwent orthopedic/spine surgery required significantly more opioids in the PACU (p = 0.031). Among patients who received low-dose ketamine, those who underwent head, ear, nose, and throat surgery required significantly more opioids in PACU (p = 0.022). Conclusions Low-dose intraoperative ketamine did not decrease pain scores or post-operative opioid use significantly and did not improve standard respiratory recovery parameters for OSA patients after surgery. Neither low- nor high-dose ketamine demonstrated the anticipated benefits of low pain scores and reduced post-operative opioid use. These outcomes will differ depending on the surgery type and dose of ketamine used.
  • Published In

  • Cureus  Journal
  • Keywords

  • body mass index, obstructive sleep apnea, peri-operative analgesia, perioperative pain management, post-operative opioids
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schreiner NM; Kalagara H; Morgan CJ; Bryant A; Benz DL; Ness TJ; Kukreja P; Nagi P
  • Start Page

  • e8893
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 6