Role of gut-associated lymphoreticular tissues in antigen-specific intestinal IgA immunity

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This study assessed the roles of the postnatal lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR)-mediated signals in the gut-associated lymphoreticular tissues of mice for subsequent regulation of Ag-specific intestinal IgA responses. Blockade of LTβR-dependent events by postnatal administration of the fusion protein of LTβR and IgG Fe (LTβR-Ig) reduced both the size and numbers of Peyer's patches (PP) without influencing the PP microarchitecture. Interestingly, inhibition of LTβR-dependent signaling revealed significant reductions in the formation of follicular dendritic cell clusters in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN). Furthermore, these postnatal signaling events controlled the development of isolated lymphoid follicles (ILF) because treatment with LTβR-Ig eliminated the formation of ILF. LTβR-Ig-treated mice with altered microarchitecture of MLN and lacking ILF were still able to produce significant Ag-specific mucosal IgA responses after oral immunization; however, the levels were significantly lower than those seen in control mice. These results imply the importance of ILF for Ag-specific intestinal immunity. However, mice treated with both TNFR55-Ig and LTβR-Ig in utero, which lack PP and MLN, but retain intact ILF, failed to induce Ag-specific IgA responses after oral immunization. These findings demonstrate that ILF are not essential for induction of intestinal IgA Ab responses to orally administered Ag. Furthermore, the induction of intestinal IgA Ab responses requires the proper maintenance of the MLN microarchitecture, including a follicular dendritic cell network.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yamamoto M; Kweon MN; Rennert PD; Hiroi T; Fujihashi K; McGhee JR; Kiyono H
  • Start Page

  • 762
  • End Page

  • 769
  • Volume

  • 173
  • Issue

  • 2