Purpose Our study reports the clinical outcomes of patients treated with 5-mm isotropic margin, fiducial-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We also sought to assess the effect of histological subtype on local control. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients treated with SBRT for NSCLC between 2007 and 2017 at our institution. All patients who had implanted fiducial markers, planning target volume (PTV) margins of 5 mm or less, early stage disease (T1-T2, N0), and at least one follow-up CT were included in this analysis. Estimates of local control were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between survival curves were assessed using the log-rank test. Results A total of 152 patients met the inclusion criteria for this analysis, with a median follow-up of 27.9 months. Patients received 54 Gy in three fractions for peripheral tumors and 48-52.5 Gy in four to five fractions for central tumors. NSCLC histology was adenocarcinoma in 69 (45.4%) cases, squamous cell carcinoma in 65 (42.8%) cases, and other or non-subtyped in 18 (11.8%) cases. Across the entire cohort, the two-year estimate of local control was 95.1%. When histology was considered, the two-year estimate of local control among patients with adenocarcinoma was 95.6% as compared with 85.0% for patients with other subtypes (p=0.044). Conclusions Fiducial-guided, isotropic 5-mm PTV margin for thoracic SBRT did not compromise local control compared with historical standards. In this series, patients with adenocarcinoma experienced improved local control compared with squamous cell carcinoma.