Precision mapping of the epileptogenic network with low- and high-frequency stimulation of anterior nucleus of thalamus

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2020 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology Objective: The goal of thalamic deep brain stimulation in epilepsy is to engage and modulate the epileptogenic network. We demonstrate how the anterior nucleus of thalamus (ANT) stimulation engages the epileptogenic network using electrophysiological measures (gamma response and post-stimulation excitability). Methods: Five patients with suspected temporal lobe epilepsy syndrome, undergoing stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG), were enrolled in the IRB approved study to undergo recording and stimulation of the ANT. We analyzed the extent of gamma-band response (activation or suppression) and post-stimulation change in excitability in various cortical regions during low (10 Hz) and high (50 Hz) frequency stimulations. Results: 10 Hz stimulation increased cortical gamma, whereas 50 Hz stimulation suppressed the gamma responses. The maximum response to stimuli was in the hippocampus. High epileptogenicity regions were more susceptible to stimulation. Both 10-and 50 Hz stimulations decreased post-stimulation cortical excitability. The greater the gamma-band activation with 10 Hz stimulation, the greater was the decrease in post-stimulation excitability. Conclusions: We define an EEG marker that delineates stimulation-specific nodal engagement. We proved that nodes that were engaged with the thalamus during stimulation were more likely to show a short term decrease in post-stimulation excitability. Significance: Patient-specific engagement patterns during stimulation can be mapped with SEEG that can be used to optimize stimulation parameters.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Chaitanya G; Toth E; Pizarro D; Irannejad A; Riley K; Pati S
  • Start Page

  • 2158
  • End Page

  • 2167
  • Volume

  • 131
  • Issue

  • 9