High-Pressure Geophysical Properties of Fcc Phase FeHX

Academic Article


  • Face centered cubic (fcc) FeHX was synthesized at pressures of 18–68 GPa and temperatures exceeding 1,500 K. Thermally quenched samples were evaluated using synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nuclear resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (NRIXS) to determine sample composition and sound velocities to 82 GPa. To aid in the interpretation of nonideal (X ≠ 1) stoichiometries, two equations of state for fcc FeHX were developed, combining an empirical equation of state for iron with two distinct synthetic compression curves for interstitial hydrogen. Matching the density deficit of the Earth's core using these equations of state requires 0.8–1.1 wt % hydrogen at the core-mantle boundary and 0.2–0.3 wt % hydrogen at the interface of the inner and outer cores. Furthermore, a comparison of Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM) to a Birch's law extrapolation of our experimental results suggests that an iron alloy containing ∼0.8–1.3 wt % hydrogen could reproduce both the density and compressional velocity (VP) of the Earth's outer core.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Thompson EC; Davis AH; Bi W; Zhao J; Alp EE; Zhang D; Greenberg E; Prakapenka VB; Campbell AJ
  • Start Page

  • 305
  • End Page

  • 314
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 1