Splenic lymphangioma is a rare malformation of the splenic lymphatic channels, mostly seen in children. It is characterized by the presence of cysts, resulting from increases in the size and number of thin-walled lymphatic vessels that are abnormally interconnected and dilated. The condition may be restricted to the spleen, but in most cases it involves multiple organs (systemic lymphangiomatosis). The clinical picture is variable; small lesions are often incidentally detected through imaging studies, while larger lesions can result in compression of organs, causing pain or rupture even after minor trauma. Therefore, splenic lymphangiomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of splenomegaly or left upper quadrant pain even among adults and should be immediately treated with splenectomy; delay in the therapeutic intervention can lead to life-threatening complications.