Hospital characteristics associated with certified EHRs adoption among the U.S. psychiatric hospitals

Academic Article


  • The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between hospital characteristics and certified electronic health record (EHR) adoption in psychiatric hospitals in the US. Methods: Data were drawn from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey Database and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Compare data sets in 2016. Binary logistic regression analysis and χ2 tests were performed to examine the relationship between certified EHR adoption and hospital characteristics. Results: Of 1,059 psychiatric hospitals in the US, 502 (47.4%) have adopted certified EHR technology. Large hospitals (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.52-3.44; p<0.001), not-for-profit hospitals (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.22-2.49; p=0.008), and hospitals participating in a network (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.34-2.37; p<0.001) were more likely to adopt certified EHRs. Hospitals in the northeast were less likely to implement certified EHRs compared to other regions. However, there was no significant association found between EHR utilization and system affiliation, urban location, teaching status, or participation of health-maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations. Conclusion: The study results suggested variations in EHR adoption according to hospital location, size, ownership, and network participation. This study fills a gap in previous work on certified EHR adoption that focused exclusively on general hospitals, but overlooked psychiatric hospitals. Future policies designed to influence the implementation of certified EHRs should take into consideration how hospital size, ownership, and network-affiliation status affect certified EHR adoption among psychiatric hospitals.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Qu H; Hu X; Houser SH; Chen H; Zhou J; Yu M
  • Start Page

  • 295
  • End Page

  • 301
  • Volume

  • 13