Rare MDM2 amplification in a fat-predominant angiomyolipoma

Academic Article


  • Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are triphasic tumors (smooth muscle, vascular and adipocytic components) with myomelanocytic differentiation, arising most commonly in the kidneys, which can show predominant epithelioid morphology and fat-predominant or fat-poor variants. Fat-predominant AMLs can show areas of hypercellularity and lipoblast-like cells, and these features can mimic well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS). To date, only one documented metastatic epithelioid AML showed unequivocal MDM2 amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization. We describe our findings in a series of 35 AMLs including epithelioid, fat-poor, and fat-predominant variants, following interrogation of the MDM2 locus by FISH and CISH assays. MDM2 amplification was detected in 1 fat-predominant AML. Our findings demonstrate that rare MDM2 amplifications can occur in AMLs. We favor that this finding likely represents a “molecular bystander” event since these tumors are mainly driven by aberrations in the TSC1/TSC2 genes. Nevertheless, the presence of MDM2 amplification in a fat-predominant AML could present a potential diagnostic pitfall, particularly when confronted with the differential diagnosis of fat-predominant AML and WDLS in limited material from the retroperitoneum.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rodriguez Pena MDC; Gordetsky J; Greipp PT; Wei S; Martignoni G; Netto GJ; Harada S; Prieto Granada CN
  • Start Page

  • 661
  • End Page

  • 666
  • Volume

  • 477
  • Issue

  • 5