Cell division cycle protein (CDC20) has been observed to be expressed higher in various kinds of human cancers and was associated with poor prognosis. However, studies on role of CDC20 in breast cancer are seldom reported till now, most of which are not systematic and conclusive. The present study was performed to analyze the expression pattern, potential function, and distinct prognostic effect of CDC20 in breast cancer using several online databases including Oncomine, bc-GenExMiner, PrognoScan, and UCSC Xena. To verify the results from databases, we compared the mRNA CDC20 expression in breast cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of patients by real-time PCR. We found that CDC20 was expressed higher in different types of breast cancer, comparing with normal tissues. Moreover, the patients with a more advanced stage of breast cancer tended to express higher level CDC20. CDC20 was expressed higher in breast cancer tissues than normal tissues from patients in our hospital, consistent with the results from databases. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status were negatively correlated with CDC20 level. Conversely, Scarff–Bloom–Richardson (SBR) grade, Nottingham prognostic index (NPI), epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) status, basal-like status, and triple-negative status were positively related to CDC20 expression in breast cancer patients with respect to normal individuals. Higher CDC20 expression correlated with worse survival. Finally, a positive correlation between CDC20 and Targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) expression was revealed. CDC20 could be considered as a potential predictive indicator for prognosis of breast cancer with co-expressed TPX2 gene.