Preliminary study on HIV status disclosure to perinatal infected children: Retrospective analysis of administrative records from a pediatric HIV clinic in the southern United States

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2020 The Author(s). Objective: The World Health Organization recommends disclosing HIV-status between 6 and 12 years; American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children are informed at "school age." Neither suggests an optimal age when children should learn of their status to improve viral load suppression. Considering that virally suppressed people do not transmit HIV and that interrupting the transmission cycle is critical to ending the HIV epidemic, our objective is to examine the relationship between age of disclosure and viral load suppression by evaluating data from a pediatric HIV clinic in the southern United States. Records from perinatal infected patients seen between 2008 and 2018 were analyzed (N = 61). Results: Longitudinal suppression was low across all groups when benchmarked against the UNAIDS 90% global target; black patients were less likely to achieve suppression compared to white patients (41% vs. 75%, p = 0.04). Adopted children were more likely to achieve suppression than children living with biological family (71% vs. 44%, p < 0.05). Children who learned of their status between 10 and 12 had the highest rate of suppression (65%) compared to peers who learned of their status younger (56%) or older (38%). Our preliminary study is designed to spark research on refining the current recommendations on HIV-status disclosure to perinatal infected children.
  • Published In

  • BMC Research Notes  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Budhwani H; Mills L; Marefka LEB; Eady S; Nghiem VT; Simpson T
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 1