Upregulation of sortilin, a lysosomal sorting receptor, corresponds with reduced bioavailability of latent TGFβ in mucolipidosis II cells

Academic Article


  • Mucolipidosis II (ML-II) is a lysosomal disease caused by defects in the carbohydrate-dependent sorting of soluble hydrolases to lysosomes. Altered growth factor signaling has been identified as a contributor to the phenotypes associated with ML-II and other lysosomal disorders but an understanding of how these signaling pathways are affected is still emerging. Here, we investigated transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) signaling in the context of ML-II patient fibroblasts, observing decreased TGFβ1 signaling that was accompanied by impaired TGFβ1-dependent wound closure. We found increased intracellular latent TGFβ1 complexes, caused by reduced secretion and stable localization in detergent-resistant lysosomes. Sortilin, a sorting receptor for hydrolases and TGFβ-related cytokines, was upregulated in ML-II fibroblasts as well as GNPTAB-null HeLa cells, suggesting a mechanism for inappropriate lysosomal targeting of TGFβ. Co-expression of sortilin and TGFβ in HeLa cells resulted in reduced TGFβ1 secretion. Elevated sortilin levels correlated with normal levels of cathepsin D in ML-II cells, consistent with a compensatory role for this receptor in lysosomal hydrolase targeting. Collectively, these data support a model whereby sortilin upregulation in cells with lysosomal storage maintains hydrolase sorting but suppresses TGFβ1 secretion through increased lysosomal delivery. These findings highlight an unexpected link between impaired lysosomal sorting and altered growth factor bioavailability.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Biomolecules  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Barnes JW; Aarnio-Peterson M; Norris J; Haskins M; Flanagan-Steet H; Steet R
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 5