Patterns of care and clinical outcomes with cytarabine-anthracycline induction chemotherapy for AML patients in the United States

Academic Article


  • Cytarabine-anthracycline based intensive induction chemotherapy (IC) remains the standard of care for remission induction among fit patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the United States (US). However, the mortality rate outside of clinical IC trials, predictors of death, and resource utilization during admission for IC have not been thoroughly examined. We used the Premier Healthcare database to identify adult patients (aged 18-89 years) treated with cytarabine-anthracycline-based IC during their first recorded inpatient stay for AML during the contemporary period of 2010 to 2017. We identified factors associated with inpatient death or discharge to hospice, using multivariable logistic regression models. We also assessed the patterns of inpatient healthcare resource utilization. A total of 6442 patients with AML from 313 hospitals who were treated with IC were identified. Median age was 61 years (interquartile range [IQR], 50-68 years), and 56% were men. Median length of stay was 29 (IQR, 25-38) days, with rates of in-hospital death and discharge to hospice of 12.3% and 3.7% (17.9% and 6.3% among patients aged $65 years), respectively. Predictors of in-hospital death or discharge to hospice included older age, geographic region, and lower hospital volume. During admission, 28.0%, 12.6%, and 4.0% of patients required treatment in intensive care units, mechanical ventilation, and dialysis, respectively. Despite improvements in supportive care in the contemporary era, inpatient mortality during first hospitalization for adult patients with AML treated with IC in the US remains high particularly among older patients.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Blood Advances  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zeidan AM; Podoltsev NA; Wang X; Zhang C; Bewersdorf JP; Shallis RM; Huntington SF; Neparidze N; Giri S; Gore SD
  • Start Page

  • 1615
  • End Page

  • 1623
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 8