Role and Mechanisms of Mitophagy in Liver Diseases.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The mitochondrion is an organelle that plays a vital role in the regulation of hepatic cellular redox, lipid metabolism, and cell death. Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with both acute and chronic liver diseases with emerging evidence indicating that mitophagy, a selective form of autophagy for damaged/excessive mitochondria, plays a key role in the liver's physiology and pathophysiology. This review will focus on mitochondrial dynamics, mitophagy regulation, and their roles in various liver diseases (alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, drug-induced liver injury, hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, viral hepatitis, and cancer) with the hope that a better understanding of the molecular events and signaling pathways in mitophagy regulation will help identify promising targets for the future treatment of liver diseases.
  • Published In

  • Cells  Journal
  • Keywords

  • NAFLD, Parkin, Pink1, alcohol, autophagy, mitochondria
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ma X; McKeen T; Zhang J; Ding W-X
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 4