Assessment of ICAM-1 N-glycoforms in mouse and human models of endothelial dysfunction

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2020 Regal-McDonald et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Endothelial dysfunction is a critical event in vascular inflammation characterized, in part, by elevated surface expression of adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule- 1 (ICAM-1). ICAM-1 is heavily N-glycosylated, and like other surface proteins, it is largely presumed that fully processed, complex N-glycoforms are dominant. However, our recent studies suggest that hypoglycosylated or high mannose (HM)-ICAM-1 N-glycoforms are also expressed on the cell surface during endothelial dysfunction, and have higher affinity for monocyte adhesion and regulate outside-in endothelial signaling by different mechanisms. Whether different ICAM-1 N-glycoforms are expressed in vivo during disease is unknown. In this study, using the proximity ligation assay, we assessed the relative formation of high mannose, hybrid and complex α-2,6-sialyated N-glycoforms of ICAM-1 in human and mouse models of atherosclerosis, as well as in arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) of patients on hemodialysis. Our data demonstrates that ICAM-1 harboring HM or hybrid epitopes as well as ICAM-1 bearing α-2,6-sialylated epitopes are present in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions. Further, HM-ICAM-1 positively associated with increased macrophage burden in lesions as assessed by CD68 staining, whereas α-2,6-sialylated ICAM-1 did not. Finally, both HM and α-2,6-sialylated ICAM-1 N-glycoforms were present in hemodialysis patients who had AVF maturation failure compared to successful AVF maturation. Collectively, these data provide evidence that HM- ICAM-1 N-glycoforms are present in vivo, and at levels similar to complex α-2,6-sialylated ICAM-1 underscoring the need to better understand their roles in modulating vascular inflammation.
  • Published In

  • PLoS ONE  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 18061884
  • Author List

  • Regal-McDonald K; Somarathna M; Lee T; Litovsky SH; Barnes J; Peretik JM; Traylor JG; Orr AW; Patel RP
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 3