Bone marrow accessory cells regulate human bone precursor cell development

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective. Much remains to be learned about the intimate relationship between bone marrow and its surrounding tissue: the bone. We hypothesized that bone marrow accessory cell populations might regulate the development of human bone precursor cells. Materials and Methods. We used immunologic phenotyping, and isolation methods to fractionate subpopulations of nonadherent, low-density (NALD) human bone marrow cells. These cells were examined for their ability to support the serum-free survival, proliferation, and expression of bone proteins by highly purified populations of human bone precursor cells. Quantitative assessment of the accessory cell populations as well as human bone precursor cells phenotype was performed using multiparameter flow cytometry. Bone protein expression was evaluated by immunocytochemistry, Western analysis, and enzymatic analysis (for alkaline phosphatase activity). Results. Human bone marrow contains a cell population that stimulates the development of purified bone precursor cells. Feeder-layer studies demonstrate that these osteopoietic accessory cells (OACs) do not require cell-cell interaction to promote bone precursor cell development but, rather, produce soluble molecules responsible for their effects. Flow cytometric analyses reveal that bone marrow derived B cells, T cells, macrophages, natural killer cells, and endothelial cells do not produce this stimulatory factor. The (growth) factor cannot be replaced by addition of exogenous cytokines. The isolation of human transforming growth factor β receptor type II (TGF-βRII)-positive cells increases OAC-specific activity in bone cell ex vivo expansion cultures. Moreover, isolation of OAC bone marrow cells characterized by high TGF-βRII expression, relatively low cellular complexity, and small size yields a population that is highly enriched for OACs. Conclusion. We conclude that human bone marrow contains a population of OACs that are an obligate requirement for the early phases of bone cell development ex vivo. Copyright (C) 2000 International Society for Experimental Hematology.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Eipers PG; Kale S; S Taichman R; Pipia GG; Swords NA; Mann KG; Long MW
  • Start Page

  • 815
  • End Page

  • 825
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 7