m6A modification is the most prevalent RNA modification in eukaryotes. As the critical N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methyltransferase, the roles of methyltransferase like 3 (METTL3) in colorectal cancer (CRC) are controversial. Here, we confirmed that METTL3, a critical m6A methyltransferase, could facilitate CRC progression in vitro and in vivo. Further, we found METTL3 promoted CRC cell proliferation by methylating the m6A site in 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of CCNE1 mRNA to stabilize it. Moreover, we found butyrate, a classical intestinal microbial metabolite, could down-regulate the expression of METTL3 and related cyclin E1 to inhibit CRC development. METTL3 promotes CRC proliferation by stabilizing CCNE1 mRNA in an m6A-dependent manner, representing a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CRC.