Genome-wide association study for time to failure of kidney transplants from African American deceased donors

Academic Article


  • Two renal-risk variants in the apolipoprotein L1 gene (APOL1) in African American (AA) deceased donors (DD) are associated with shorter renal allograft survival after transplantation. To identify additional genes contributing to allograft survival, a genome-wide association study was performed in 532 AA DDs. Phenotypic data were obtained from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. Association and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-by-APOL1 interaction tests were conducted using death-censored renal allograft survival accounting for relevant covariates. Replication and inverse-variance-weighted meta-analysis were performed using data from 250 AA DD in the Genomics of Transplantation study. Accounting for APOL1, multiple SNPs near the Nudix Hydrolase 7 gene (NUDT7) showed strong independent effects (P = 1.6 × 10−8-2.2 × 10−8). Several SNPs in the Translocation protein SEC63 homolog (SEC63; P = 2 × 10−9-3.7 × 10−8) and plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) genes (P = 4.0 × 10−8-7 × 10−8) modified the effect of APOL1 on allograft survival. SEC63 is expressed in human renal tubule cells and glomeruli, and PVT1 is associated with diabetic kidney disease. Overall, associations were detected for 41 SNPs (P = 2 × 10−9-5 × 10−8) contributing independently or interacting with APOL1 to impact renal allograft survival after transplantation from AA DD. Given the small sample size of the discovery and replication sets, independent validations and functional genomic efforts are needed to validate these results.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 24092933
  • Author List

  • Divers J; Ma L; Brown WM; Palmer ND; Choi Y; Israni AK; Pastan SO; Julian BA; Gaston RS; Hicks PJ
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 6