© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Hospitals are required to report all-cause 30-day readmissions for patients discharged with heart failure. Same-cause readmissions have received less attention but may differ for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) versus heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The ARIC study began abstracting medical records for cohort members hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in 2005. ADHF was validated by physician review, with HFrEF defined by ejection fraction <50%. Recurrent admissions for ADHF were analyzed within 30 days, 90 days, 6 months, and 1 year of the index hospitalization using repeat-measures Cox regression models. All recurrent ADHF admissions per patient were counted rather than the more typical analysis of only the first occurring readmission. From 2005 to 2014, 1,133 cohort members survived at least 1 hospitalization for ADHF and had ejection fraction recorded. Half were classified as HFpEF. Patients with HFpEF were more often women and had more co-morbidities. The overall ADHF readmission rate was greatest within 30 days of discharge but was higher for patients with HFrEF (115 vs 88 readmissions per 100 person-years). After adjustments for demographics, year of admission, and co-morbidities, there was a trend for higher ADHF readmissions with HFrEF, relative to HFpEF, at 30 days (hazard ratio [HR] 1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92 to 2.18), 90 days (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.85), 6 months (HR 1.47, 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.84), and 1 year (HR 1.42, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.70) of follow-up. In conclusion, patients with HFrEF have a greater burden of short- and long-term readmissions for recurrent ADHF.