Ceftriaxone, a β-lactam antibiotic, has been reported to act independently of its antimicrobial actions to normalize perturbed central nervous system glutamate levels, principally by elevating expression of glial glutamate transporters. Identification of a specific, high-affinity target for ceftriaxone could significantly impact therapeutic development for multiple brain disorders, ranging from neurodegenerative disorders to addiction. Recently, we identified a glial-expressed Caenorhabditis elegans gene, swip-10, that encodes a metallo-β-lactamase domain-containing protein, and limits glutamate-dependent changes in dopamine neuron excitability. Bioinformatic analyses identified MBLAC1 as the likely mammalian orthologue of swip-10. Using cyanogen bromide immobilized ceftriaxone for affinity capture experiments and backscattering interferometry to monitor MBLAC1 binding of unmodified ceftriaxone, we obtained evidence for specific, high affinity (KD = 2.2 μM) binding of ceftriaxone to MBLAC1. We discuss our findings with respect to MBLAC1 as a potentially exclusive, high-affinity binding partner of ceftriaxone in the CNS, and the path forward in the development of novel, MBLAC1-based therapeutics.