© Copyright 2020 Springer Publishing Company, LLC. Decreased cognitive function is related to undesirable psychological outcomes such as greater emotional distress and lower quality of life, particularly among women living with HIV who experience cognitive impairment (WLWH-CI). Yet, few studies have examined the psychosocial resources that may attenuate these negative emotional outcomes. The current study sought to identify the interrelated contributions of social relationships and psychological resources in 399 WLWH-CI by applying Socio-Emotional Adaptation (SEA) theory using data from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Cognitive impairment (CI) was defined as impairment on two or more cognitive domains. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of experiencing specific emotions due to a combination of four psychosocial resources. Emotions (i.e., depression, apathy, fear, anger, and acceptance) were related to a combination of binary (positive/negative) psychosocial resources including relationship with an informal support partner, relationship with a formal caregiver, coping, and perceived control. Understanding the conditions that may influence emotions in WLWH-CI is important for identifying and appropriately addressing the needs of this population. As CI increases, these individuals experience increasing challenges with articulating their care needs and having their needs met. As such, it becomes increasingly important to identify possible triggers for emotional responses to best address these underlying challenges.