Prevalence and Predictors of Co-occurring Hypertension and Depression Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2020, W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of co-occurring hypertension and depression among community-dwelling older adults and to examine predictors of co-occurring hypertension among community-dwelling older adults. A secondary analysis was conducted from a statewide survey of community-dwelling older adults in the state of Alabama. Binomial logistic regression was used to examine predictors of co-occurring hypertension and depression. The prevalence of co-occurring hypertension and depression among community-dwelling older adults was 35%. In the multivariate analysis, non-Hispanic African American ethnicity (OR = 1.690, CI 1.221–2.341) and diabetes (OR = 1.668, CI 1.173–2.372) were positively associated with co-occurring hypertension and depression. Income ≥ $20,000 (OR = 0.544, CI 0.400–0.739), ≥ 3 meals on average per day (OR = 0.576, CI 0.429–0.774), and higher self-ratings of general health (OR = 0.728, CI 0.628–0.843) and physical activity (OR = 0.827, CI 0.694–0.986) were negatively associated with co-occurring hypertension and depression. Public health professionals and clinicians who provide care to older adults in public health, community health, and primary care settings are in ideal positions to develop intervention strategies to curb the prevalence and incidence of co-occurring hypertension and depression in this population. If intervention strategies are not implemented in these respective settings, unfortunately community-dwelling older adults of non-Hispanic African American ethnicity, with diabetes, or with low self-ratings of general health and physical activity will likely suffer from cardiovascular disease at much higher rates than their counterparts.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gray CA; Sims OT; Oh H
  • Start Page

  • 365
  • End Page

  • 373
  • Volume

  • 7
  • Issue

  • 2