The connector domain of vesicular stomatitis virus large protein interacts with the viral phosphoprotein

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is an archetypical member of Mononegavirales, viruses with a genome of negative-sense single-stranded RNA (-ssRNA). Like other viruses of this order, VSV encodes a unique polymerase, a complex of viral L (large, the enzymatic component) protein and P (phosphoprotein, a cofactor component). The L protein has a modular layout consisting of a ring-shaped core trailed by three accessory domains and requires an N-terminal segment of P (P N-terminal disordered [PNTD]) to perform polymerase activity. To date, a binding site for P on L had not been described. In this report, we show that the connector domain of the L protein, which previously had no assigned function, binds a component of PNTD. We further show that this interaction is a positive regulator of viral RNA synthesis, and that the interfaces mediating it are conserved in other members of Mononegavirales. Finally, we show that the connector-P interaction fits well into the existing structural information of VSV L.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gould JR; Qiu S; Shang Q; Ogino T; Prevelige PE; Petit CM; Green TJ
  • Volume

  • 94
  • Issue

  • 6