© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Evidence suggests priorities differ between patients in HIV care and their providers regarding topics most important to address in care. At five U.S. sites, we asked patients and providers to prioritize 25 potential topic areas to address during routine visits, and invited patients to discuss selection rationale. Patients (n = 206) and providers (n = 17) showed high discordance in rank order priorities (X2 (24, 223) = 71.12; p < 0.0001). Patients ranked social domains such as HIV stigma highly; a higher proportion of providers prioritized substance use domains. HIV stigma was a higher priority for patients in care fewer than 6 years (Fisher’s exact p = 0.0062), nonwhite patients (Fisher’s exact p = 0.0114), and younger patients (Fisher’s exact p = 0.0281). Patients’ priorities differed between men and women (X2 (24, 188) = 52.89; p < 0.0001), white race vs. other races (X2 (24, 206) = 48.32; p = 0.0023), and Latinos vs. non-Latinos (X2 (24, 206) = 48.65; p = 0.0021). Interviews (n = 79) revealed perceived impact of social context on health and health behaviors.