Haemodynamics of Different Configurations of a Left Subclavian Artery Stent Graft for Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 European Society for Vascular Surgery Objective: Branched stent grafts represent a viable option for left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularisation in patients treated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Zone 2 lesions. This study investigated the haemodynamic performance of different LSA branched stent graft configurations as potential determinants of thrombotic and stroke risks. Methods: A three dimensional aortic arch geometry extracted from post-operative computed tomography images of a TEVAR patient using a single LSA branched aortic endograft was modified in silico to obtain ten potential LSA branched stent graft configurations: five down facing (0–5 – 10 mm aortic protrusion with 10–12 mm internal diameter), four curved (30–60° with antegrade/retrograde orientation), and one LSA orifice misalignment. The 0 mm down facing stent graft was considered base configuration. Computational fluid dynamic analyses were performed to identify differences in pressure, energy, and wall shear stress (WSS) based parameters. Results: Total pressure drop and energy loss variations among configurations were not greater than 5 mmHg (6% of mean arterial pressure) and 5.7 mW (0.7% of cardiac power), respectively. Protrusions up to 5 mm created clinically insignificant flow disturbances. However, stent graft protrusions further into the aortic lumen created more complex haemodynamics, characterised by larger energy loss and more prominent flow recirculation. Protrusion greater than 5 mm into the lumen was associated with larger areas of elevated maximum WSS (>20 Pa) along the outer surface of the branched stent graft. Conclusion: Arterial haemodynamic characteristics are affected by LSA branched stent graft configurations, with pressure drops and energy losses likely to be clinically insignificant. The length of the stent graft protrusion into the aortic lumen generated the largest haemodynamic variations in the aortic system. Protrusions up to 5 mm have smaller risk of potential thrombus generation. Conversely, larger protrusions into the aortic lumen showed more disturbed haemodynamics, suggesting a greater risk of potential thrombus formation, which may be clinically important over time.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tricarico R; Tran-Son-Tay R; Laquian L; Scali ST; Lee TC; Beck AW; Berceli SA; He Y
  • Start Page

  • 7
  • End Page

  • 15
  • Volume

  • 59
  • Issue

  • 1