Effects of Crushed Ticagrelor Versus Eptifibatide Bolus Plus Clopidogrel in Troponin-Negative Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: After a loading dose of ticagrelor, the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity remains elevated, which increases periprocedural myocardial infarction and injury. This indicates that faster platelet inhibition with crushed ticagrelor (CTIC) or eptifibatide is needed to reduce high on-treatment platelet reactivity. The efficacy of CTIC versus eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel is unknown. Methods and Results: A total of 100 P2Y naïve, troponin-negative patients with acute coronary syndrome were randomized to CTIC (180 mg) versus eptifibatide bolus (180 μg/kg×2 intravenous boluses) plus clopidogrel (600 mg) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention. High on-treatment platelet reactivity was markedly higher with CTIC versus eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel (42% versus 0%; P<0.001) at 30 minutes and persisted up to 2 hours (12% versus 0%; P=0.01, respectively). Platelet aggregation by adenosine diphosphate dropped faster from baseline with eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel versus CTIC (0.5 versus 2 hours, respectively) and was higher with CTIC versus eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel at 0.5, 2, and 4 hours after loading dose (53±12% versus 1.3±2%; 35±11% versus 0.34±1.0%; and 23±9% versus 3.5±2%, respectively; P<0.001). Eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel, but not CTIC, significantly inhibited platelet aggregation induced by thrombin-receptor activating peptide. Periprocedural myocardial infarction and injury was higher with CTIC versus eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel (48% versus 28%, respectively; P=0.035). Post–percutaneous coronary intervention hemoglobin levels were not different between groups. Conclusions: Eptifibatide bolus plus clopidogrel led to faster and more potent platelet inhibition than CTIC and reduced periprocedural myocardial infarction and injury in troponin-negative acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, with no significant hemoglobin drop after percutaneous coronary intervention. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02925923. 12
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    Author List

  • Marian MJ; Abu Daya H; Chatterjee A; Al Solaiman F; Sasse MF; Fonbah WS; Workman RW; Johnson BE; Carlson SE; Brott BC
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 23