Histone-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in adamts13-/- zebrafish depends on von Willebrand factor

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is caused by severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 (A13), a plasma metalloprotease that cleaves endothelium-derived von Willebrand factor (VWF). However, severe A13 deficiency alone is often not sufficient to cause an acute TTP; additional factors may be required to trigger the disease. Using CRISPR/Cas9, we created and characterized several novel zebrafish lines carrying a null mutation in a13-/-, vwf, and both. We further used these zebrafish lines to test the hypothesis that inflammation that results in neutrophil activation and release of histone/DNA complexes may trigger TTP. As shown, a13-/- zebrafish exhibit increased levels of plasma VWF antigen, multimer size, and ability of thrombocytes to adhere to a fibrillar collagen-coated surface under flow. The a13-/zebrafish also show an increased rate of occlusive thrombus formation in the caudal venules after FeCl3 injury. More interestingly, a13-/- zebrafish exhibit ~30% reduction in the number of total, immature, and mature thrombocytes with increased fragmentation of erythrocytes. Administration of a lysine-rich histone results in more severe and persistent thrombocytopenia and a significantly increased mortality rate in a13-/zebrafish than in wildtype (wt) ones. However, both spontaneous and histone-induced TTP in a13-/- zebrafish are rescued by the deletion of vwf. These results demonstrate a potentially mechanistic link between inflammation and the onset of TTP in light of severe A13 deficiency; the novel zebrafish models of TTP may help accelerate our understanding of pathogenic mechanisms and the discoveries of novel therapeutics for TTP and perhaps other arterial thrombotic disorders.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zheng L; Abdelgawwad MS; Zhang D; Xu L; Wei S; Cao W; Long Zheng X
  • Start Page

  • 1107
  • End Page

  • 1119
  • Volume

  • 105
  • Issue

  • 4