Sluggish Cognitive Tempo and Behavioral Difficulties in Children with ADHD: Associations with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms

Academic Article


  • Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) appears to be distinct from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and unique patterns of association between SCT and comorbid symptoms have been reported in the literature. The current study examined the relation between environmental supports and comorbid concerns among children with high SCT. Parents of children (ages 6–12) with a diagnosis of ADHD and clinically elevated SCT (N = 126) completed measures of emotional/behavioral functioning, child routines, and parental adjustment. Regression analyses revealed that after controlling for child age and parental adjustment, Household and Daily Living routines were associated with lower levels of externalizing symptoms while Discipline routines were associated with higher levels of these symptoms, accounting for nearly 20% of the variance in the equation. The findings suggest that for children with ADHD and high SCT routines may play an important role as an environmental support for externalizing symptoms.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stoppelbein L; McRae E; Smith S; Becker S; Fite P; Luebbe A; Greening L
  • Start Page

  • 609
  • End Page

  • 616
  • Volume

  • 51
  • Issue

  • 4