Analysis of circumferential shielding as a methodto decouple radiofrequency coils for high-field MRI

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Reducing the impact of mutual coupling in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiofrequency (RF) coil transmit/receive arrays constitutes a serious design challenge. Recently, it has been shown that mutual coupling in such arrays can be significantly reduced by circumferentially shielding the individual array elements. For such a decoupling method to be optimized and readily incorporated into future array designs, comprehensive analysis of the shield's effect on overall element and array performance is required. This study is focused on methodically analyzing this decoupling method to determine the effect of shielding geometry on overall coil performance in high-field MRI. To this end, experiments on a 7-Tesla MRI system, as well as full-wave electromagnetic simulations, were performed and performance metrics, such as Q-factor, power efficiency, transmit power, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and specific absorption rate (SAR), were investigated for different coil/shield configurations. Differences in the geometry of a RF coil and its respective shield resulted in an increase in peak SNR of up to 40% compared to an unshielded coil. This was concurrent with a 2-4 dB reduction in the required transmit power to produce a given flip angle and a 25% reduction in peak local SAR compared to the unshielded coil. Coupling between adjacent loaded coils was strongly influenced by the coil/shield geometry and ranged from -6.5 to -22.1 dB. Based upon the analysis presented herein, example coil-array designs are provided and have been optimized for either peripheral or whole-brain imaging. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Belliveau JG; Gilbert KM; Abou-Khousa M; Menon RS
  • Start Page

  • 11
  • End Page

  • 21
  • Volume

  • 43 B
  • Issue

  • 1