Metronomic treatment of malignant glioma xenografts with irinotecan (CPT-11) inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Irinotecan (CPT-11) has shown emerging promise in the treatment of malignant gliomas. It is believed the mechanism of action of irinotecan is to sensitize glioma cells to the cytotoxic action of radiation therapy and alkylating agents. However, clinical trials using weekly or three-weekly doses of CPT-11 have demonstrated imaging responses in only 10-15% of patients. In this study, we evaluated another mechanism of action, angiosuppression by CPT-11 of ACNU-resistant gliomas, using a metronomic administration schedule. Two different types of treatment, (1) conventional and (2) metronomic, were applied to the subcutaneous U87 model. We found that metronomic administration of CPT-11 significantly inhibited malignant glioma growth by inhibiting angiogenesis; this treatment procedure reduced the number of tumor vessels and the area of hypoxic lesions and reduced expression of VEGF and HIF-1α, the most important angiogenic factors in gliomas. Metronomic treatment was superior to conventional treatment with regard to the severe systemic side effect of body weight loss. The growth inhibitory effect was very similar for both low and high doses of CPT-11. These angiosuppressive effects of CPT-11 show promise for another use of CPT-11 in metronomic and scheduled angiosuppressive chemotherapy with low dose and long-term administration for malignant gliomas without systemic side effects. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Takano S; Kamiyama H; Mashiko R; Osuka S; Ishikawa E; Matsumura A
  • Start Page

  • 177
  • End Page

  • 185
  • Volume

  • 99
  • Issue

  • 2