Lack of efficacy of high-titered immunoglobulin in patients with West Nile virus central nervous system disease

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All rights reserved. West Nile Virus (WNV) can result in clinically severe neurologic disease. There is no treatment for WNV infection, but administration of anti-WNV polyclonal human antibody has demonstrated efficacy in animal models. We compared Omr-IgG-am, an immunoglobulin product with high titers of anti-WNV antibody, with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and normal saline to assess safety and efficacy in patients with WNV neuroinvasive disease as part of a phase I/II, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study in North America. During 2003-2006, a total of 62 hospitalized patients were randomized to receive Omr-IgG-am, standard IVIG, or normal saline (3:1:1). The primary endpoint was medication safety. Secondary endpoints were morbidity and mortality, measured using 4 standardized assessments of cognitive and functional status. The death rate in the study population was 12.9%. No significant differences were found between groups receiving Omr-IgG-am compared with IVIG or saline for either the safety or efficacy endpoints.
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    Author List

  • Gnann JW; Agrawal A; Hart J; Buitrago M; Carson P; Hanfelt-Goade D; Tyler K; Spotkov J; Freifeld A; Moore T
  • Start Page

  • 2064
  • End Page

  • 2073
  • Volume

  • 25
  • Issue

  • 11