The scope of the present study was to evaluate the presence and activation of proacrosin/acrosin as a tool to determine the acrosomal status of fresh and frozen/thawed dog spermatozoa. Monoclonal antibody C5F11, directed against human acrosin, cross-reacted with dog spermatozoa and labeled the acrosome of both fresh and frozen/thawed dog spermatozoa. Frozen/thawed spermatozoa had a lesser proportion of labeled spermatozoa than fresh spermatozoa (P<0.05). When live spermatozoa were labeled with soybean trypsin inhibitor conjugated with Alexa 488 (SBTI-Alexa 488), the proportion of acrosome-labeled fresh spermatozoa was less than frozen/thawed spermatozoa (P<0.05). By using Western blots and enzymatic activity, frozen/thawed spermatozoa had a greater proportion of active acrosin than fresh spermatozoa. In addition, beta 1,4-galactosyl-transferase (GalT), a plasma membrane bound protein, remained attached to frozen/thawed spermatozoa. Proacrosin is activated during freezing/thawing of dog spermatozoa, and that proacrosin/acrosin may be a good indicator of acrosomal integrity of frozen/thawed spermatozoa.