Effect of darapladib on major coronary events after an acute coronary syndrome: The SOLID-TIMI 52 randomized clinical trial

Academic Article

Abstract

  • IMPORTANCE: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A (Lp-PLA ) has been hypothesized to be involved in atherogenesis through pathways related to inflammation. Darapladib is an oral, selective inhibitor of the Lp-PLA enzyme. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of darapladib in patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: SOLID-TIMI 52was a multinational, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that randomized 13 026 participants within 30 days of hospitalization with an ACS (non-ST-elevation or ST-elevationmyocardial infarction [MI]) at 868 sites in 36 countries. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to either once-daily darapladib (160mg) or placebo on a background of guideline-recommended therapy. Patients were followed up for a median of 2.5 years between December 7, 2009, and December 6, 2013. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary end point (major coronary events)was the composite of coronary heart disease (CHD) death, MI, or urgent coronary revascularization formyocardial ischemia. Kaplan-Meier event rates are reported at 3 years. RESULTS: During a median duration of 2.5 years, the primary end point occurred in 903 patients in the darapladib group and 910 in the placebo group (16.3%vs 15.6%at 3 years; hazard ratio [HR], 1.00 [95%CI, 0.91-1.09]; P = .93). The composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke occurred in 824 in the darapladib group and 838 in the placebo group (15.0%vs 15.0%at 3 years; HR, 0.99 [95%CI, 0.90-1.09]; P = .78). There were no differences between the treatment groups for additional secondary end points, for individual components of the primary end point, or in all-cause mortality (371 events in the darapladib group and 395 in the placebo group [7.3%vs 7.1%at 3 years; HR, 0.94 [95%CI, 0.82-1.08]; P = .40). Patients were more likely to report an odor-related concern in the darapladib group vs the placebo group (11.5%vs 2.5%) and also more likely to report diarrhea (10.6%vs 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In patients who experienced an ACS event, direct inhibition of Lp-PLA with darapladib added to optimal medical therapy and initiated within 30 days of hospitalization did not reduce the risk of major coronary events. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01000727 Copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. 2 2 2 2
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    Author List

  • O'Donoghue ML; Braunwald E; White HD; Steen DP; Lukas MA; Tarka E; Steg PG; Hochman JS; Bode C; Maggioni AP
  • Start Page

  • 1006
  • End Page

  • 1015
  • Volume

  • 312
  • Issue

  • 10