Evaluation of video imaging prediction in combined maxillary and mandibular orthognathic surgery.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the soft tissue profile "line drawings" predicted by Quick Ceph Image in combined maxillary and mandibular orthognathic surgical procedures. Preoperative (mean = 27.7 days presurgical) and posttreatment (mean = 11.5 months postsurgical) lateral cephalograms of 40 white patients (10 males and 30 females) who had completed treatment that involved orthodontics, one-piece LeFort I osteotomy, and mandibular advancement by bilateral sagittal split osteotomy with or without genioplasty were used in the study. Forty-five lateral hard and soft tissue landmarks were digitized, using the "on-screen" digitizing option, for each cephalogram and for each computer predicted posttreatment tracing. A customized analysis consisting of 24 linear and 4 angular measurements was used to analyze the differences between the actual posttreatment cephalometric landmark measurements and computer predicted landmark measurements. Statistically significant differences between the posttreatment cephalometric soft tissue profiles and the computer predicted soft tissue profiles were analyzed for the total sample, patients grouped according to: magnitude and direction of maxillary movements, adjunctive genioplasty procedure, V-Y closure of the LeFort I incision, and gender and age differences. The results indicated that for some of the soft tissue landmarks, differences were found between the posttreatment and the computer predicted profiles. Differences between the predicted and actual posttreatment soft tissue profiles may be attributed to the inaccuracy of Quick Ceph Image's default soft to hard tissue ratios when predicting the soft tissue response to combined maxillary and mandibular orthognathic surgical procedures.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Upton PM; Sadowsky PL; Sarver DM; Heaven TJ
  • Start Page

  • 656
  • End Page

  • 665
  • Volume

  • 112
  • Issue

  • 6