Thoracic endovascular stent graft repair for ascending aortic diseases

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Society for Vascular Surgery Objectives: We describe the preliminary results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in a group of patients with ascending aortic disease from the Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment (GREAT). Methods: We identified TEVAR performed for diseases truly originating from the ascending aorta. Between July 2011 and May 2015, 5014 patients were enrolled; six (0.12%) were identified and included in the analysis. One further patient was withdrawn from the study due to lack of a signed consent form. Patients having a “zone 0” proximal landing zone reported for their TEVAR without the presence of an ascending aortic disease were not included. Reinterventions of previous open and endovascular repair were also excluded. Results: Three males and three females were treated. Mean age was 69 years ± 10 years (range, 58-83 years). Indication for TEVAR was atherosclerotic aneurysm (n = 4; ruptured, n = 1), complicated type A dissection (n = 1, rupture), and pseudoaneurysm (n = 1). Mean maximum aortic lesion diameter was 60 mm 14 (range, 39-77 mm). Urgent intervention was performed in three (50%) cases. Primary clinical success was 100%. There was no TEVAR-related in-hospital mortality. Open conversion was never required. Complication such as cerebrovascular accidents, valve impairment, or myocardial infarction did not occur. All patients were discharged home alive. No patient was lost at a median follow-up of 26 months (range, 16-72 months). During the follow-up, no patient died and ongoing primary clinical success was maintained in all patients. Reintervention was never required; endoleaks, migrations, fractures, or ruptures were not observed. Conclusions: Preliminary “real-world” experience of ascending TEVAR shows satisfactory outcomes at short-term follow-up. Although concerns remain for “off-label” use of standard devices, TEVAR-related complications were not observed. Longer follow-up data are expected to confirm durability of these results.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Piffaretti G; Grassi V; Lomazzi C; Brinkman WT; Navarro TP; Jenkins MP; Trimarchi S; Bernardes RC; Procopio RJ; Schneider JE
  • Start Page

  • 1384
  • End Page

  • 1389.e1
  • Volume

  • 70
  • Issue

  • 5