A 33-yr-old homosexual man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) infection presented with fever, sweats, lethargy and dyspnea. A chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly and an echocardiograph revealed a large pericardial effusion. After pericardial aspiration, which confirmed T cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, he remained dyspneic. Gallium-67 imaging was performed to determine whether the patient's residual dyspnea was related to pulmonary MAI infection or lymphomatous infiltration of the heart. Planar 67Ga scintigraphy revealed intense tracer uptake in two areas within the mediastinum and surrounding the entire heart shadow but no evidence of pulmonary MAI infection. SPECT 67Ga scintigraphy precisely localized the two mediastinal abnormalities and demonstrated the tracer uptake around the heart to be pericardial rather than myocardial. Gallium-67 scintigraphy suggested that pericardial lymphoma was the likely basis of the patient's dyspnea.