Indium-111-labeled polyclonal human immunoglobulin: Identifying focal infection in patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Pooled human immunoglobulin labeled with indium-111 (111In-HIgG) was used to identify the presence and extent of infection in patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), presenting with either symptoms and/or signs of acute chest infection or with pyrexia without localizing signs or symptoms. Fifty-five studies were performed in 51 patients with suspected chest infection or pyrexia without localizing signs. Of these, 111In-HIgG identified intrapulmonary accumulation in 17 patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, eight with bacterial pneumonia, five with cytomegalovirus pneumonia, three with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infection and one with a fungal pneumonia. There was no intrapulmonary accumulation of 111In-HIgG in five patients with bronchopulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma and in three patients with intrathoracic lymphoma. Quantification of lung/heart activity was significantly increased (p < 0.05) in patients with active chest infection compared with those with intrapulmonary tumor or no active lung pathology. Indium-111-HIgG scintigraphy also localized at 14 sites of extrapulmonary infection, including six patients with colitis. There were no false-negative studies but false-positive uptake was seen in four studies. These results confirm that 111In-HIgG correctly identifies the presence and extent of infection in patients positive for HIV antibody.
  • Authors

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    Author List

  • Buscombe JR; Oyen WJG; Grant A; Claessens RAMJ; Van der Meer J; Corstens FHM; Ell PJ; Miller RF
  • Start Page

  • 1621
  • End Page

  • 1625
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 10