Use of plasma human herpesvirus-8 viral load measurement: evaluation of practice in three UK HIV treatment centres

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016. A retrospective audit of plasma human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) viral load testing was performed in three HIV treatment centres over 24 months. Reasons for testing (360 tests) were: symptoms of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) (fever, lymphadenopathy and raised inflammatory markers); monitoring in known HHV-8 pathology other than Kaposi sarcoma (KS); investigation of known/suspected KS, and other/no reason. Of patients with multicentric Castleman disease (MCD), 14/16 (88%) had detectable plasma HHV-8, as did 27/45 (60%) with biopsy proven or clinically confirmed KS, and 6/19 (32%) with lymphoma. Neither of the two patients with MCD and no detectable HHV-8 had SIRS symptoms at the time of the test. There was wide variation between centres in the indications prompting HHV-8 testing, with a more conservative approach resulting in a higher proportion of positive results. Measuring plasma HHV-8 in the absence of SIRS symptoms, established HHV-8 disease monitoring, or confirmed/suspected KS is unlikely to yield detectable HHV-8 thus allowing potential cost savings.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nugent DB; Webster D; Mabayoje D; Chung E; El Bouzidi K; O’Sullivan A; Ainsworth J; Miller RF
  • Start Page

  • 188
  • End Page

  • 191
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 2