CRISPR/Cas9-mediated MSTN gene editing induced mitochondrial alterations in C2C12 myoblast cells

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Myostatin (MSTN)negatively regulates muscle mass and is a potent regulator of energy metabolism. However, MSTN knockout have affect mitochondrial function. This research assessed the mitochondrial energy metabolism of Mstn −/+ KO cells, and wondered whether the mitochondria biogenesis are affected. Results: In this study, we successfully achieved Mstn knockout in skeletal muscle C2C12 cells using a CRISPR/Cas9 system and measured proliferation and differentiation using the Cell-Counting Kit-8 assay and qPCR, respectively. We found that MSTN dysfunction could promote proliferation and differentiation compared with the behaviour of wild-type cells. Moreover, Mstn KO induced an increase in KIF5B expression. The mitochondrial content was significantly increased in Mstn KO C2C12 cells, apparently associated with the increases in PGC-1α, Cox1, Cox2, ND1 and ND2 expression. However, no differences were observed in glucose consumption and lactate production. Interestingly, Mstn KO C2C12 cells showed an increase in IL6 and a decrease in TNF-1α levels. Conclusion: These findings indicate that MSTN regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and metabolism. This gene-editing cells provided favourable evidence for animal breeding and metabolic diseases. How to cite: Wang L, Ding Q, Ma S, et al. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated MSTN gene editing Induced Mitochondrial Alterations in C2C12 myoblast Cells. Electron J Biotechnol 2019;40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2019.03.009
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    Author List

  • Wang L; Ma S; Ding Q; Wang X; Chen Y
  • Start Page

  • 30
  • End Page

  • 39
  • Volume

  • 40