The Association of Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Acute Kidney Injury in Premature Infants from the Assessment of the Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury Epidemiology in Neonates (AWAKEN) Study

Academic Article


  • Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) are common in premature infants. We previously demonstrated that infants with AKI have a higher hazards ratio to develop grade ≥2 IVH when controlling for confounders. However, that single-center study was unable to show an overall association. Objectives: To test the hypothesis that infants diagnosed with AKI have an increased risk of IVH independent of variables associated with both AKI and IVH, we performed a study on 825 infants from the Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury Epidemiology in Neonates (AWAKEN) study (a 24-center multinational retrospective cohort). Method: A neonatal modified KDIGO definition of AKI was used based on serum creatinine (SCr) and/or urine output criteria. Baseline SCr was defined as the lowest previous value. IVH was diagnosed with head ultrasounds. Results: AKI was documented in 22.2% (183/825) of infants and IVH in 14.3% (118/825). Infants with AKI (n = 183) were more likely to have IVH (26.8%, 49/183) than those without AKI (n= 642) who had IVH (10.7%, 69/642, p < 0.0001). After controlling for 5-min Apgar score, vasopressor support within the first week of age, and gestational age, infants with AKI had 1.6 times higher adjusted odds to develop any grade IVH (95% CI 1.04-2.56). Furthermore, infants of gestational age of 22-28 weeks had 1.9 times higher adjusted odds to develop IVH (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.08-3.23). Conclusions: We present the first multicenter evaluation of the association between AKI and IVH in premature infants showing a significant independent association between AKI and IVH. Development of strategies to reduce AKI may also reduce IVH.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stoops C; Boohaker L; Sims B; Griffin R; Selewski DT; Askenazi D
  • Start Page

  • 321
  • End Page

  • 330
  • Volume

  • 116
  • Issue

  • 4