Donation approval among obese living kidney donor candidates: The impact of metabolic syndrome

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Elsevier Inc. Background: The scarcity of organs available for transplantation has increased attempts to augment transplantation by utilizing obese living kidney donors. The literature has suggested that these donors have increased risks postdonation. Not surprising, the threshold for living kidney donor approval among obese persons is typically higher and the process more costly. Therefore, a screening tool to predict the likelihood of approval among obese living kidney donor candidates was created. Methods: A single-center retrospective study was performed among obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) living kidney donor candidates evaluated in clinic (January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2017). Approved candidates were compared with those not approved using multivariable logistic regression, and a prediction tool was generated. Results: Among 389 obese living kidney donor candidates, there were no significant differences in sex or race and ethnicity by approval status. However, nonapproved candidates had a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome. In the prediction model, glucose impairment and hypertension were most predictive of nonapproval. Conclusion: Among obese living kidney donor candidates, several metabolic syndrome components were associated with decreased odds of approval. This tool may serve as a useful initial screening for obese living kidney donor candidates, permitting more cost-effective evaluation processes. The tool could also be used to promote expeditious interventions in the preclinical setting, including weight management programs, to improve the likelihood of donation and postdonation outcomes.
  • Published In

  • Surgery  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 2359009
  • Author List

  • Mustian MN; Kumar V; Hanaway M; MacLennan PA; Shelton BA; Reed RD; Correya T; Grant R; Carter A; Baker G
  • Start Page

  • 940
  • End Page

  • 946
  • Volume

  • 166
  • Issue

  • 5