Burosumab in tumor-induced osteomalacia: A case report

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Société française de rhumatologie Tumor-induced osteomalacia is a rare cause of acquired hypophosphatemia due to the paraneoplastic overproduction of fibroblast growth factor-23. Unlike many causes of osteomalacia, tumor-induced osteomalacia is curable by resection of the offending tumor. If a patient has a tumor that is unidentifiable, unresectable, or makes the decision to forgo surgery, medical treatment is recommended. Burosumab (KRN23) is a fully human monoclonal antibody against fibroblast growth factor-23 that was recently approved for the treatment of X-linked hypophosphatemia. We present a case of tumor-induced osteomalacia due to two somatostatin receptor avid meningiomas. The patient initially was wheelchair bound due to symptoms of diffuse bone and muscle pain with recurrent traumatic and nontraumatic fractures. Serum phosphate was 1.8 mg/dL (reference range: 2.4–5.0 mg/dL) with no other laboratory or historical cause. Workup revealed two widely separated intracranial meningiomas with typical magnetic resonance imaging characteristics. The duplicity of tumors precluded safe surgery and the potential delay in, or lack of, efficacy using radiosurgery prompted the treatment team to opt for medical treatment. Burosumab was initiated resulting in improvement in pain symptoms and mobility. Serum phosphate normalized. Trials are ongoing to assess the utility of burosumab in the treatment of tumor-induced osteomalacia.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Day AL; Gutiérrez OM; Guthrie BL; Saag KG
  • Start Page

  • 81
  • End Page

  • 83
  • Volume

  • 87
  • Issue

  • 1