Clinical outcomes after varicose vein procedures in octogenarians within the Vascular Quality Initiative Varicose Vein Registry

Academic Article


  • Background: Whereas chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins (VVs) are a universally recognized problem, they are frequently underappreciated as major contributors to long-term morbidity in the elderly despite the increasing prevalence with age. Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic venous insufficiency and VV treatments in patients ≥65 years old yield an overall benefit; however, there have been few data as to whether octogenarians are undergoing these procedures and with what success. As such, our objectives were to investigate the procedures selected, to examine clinical outcomes after VV procedures in elderly patients ≥80 years old, and to explore complication rates (both systemic and leg specific) after VV procedures in patients ≥80 years old. Methods: We performed a retrospective review using the Vascular Quality Initiative Varicose Vein Registry of all VV procedures performed for ≥C2 disease from January 2015 to February 2017. We divided all procedures into three age groups: patients <65 years, patients ≥65 to 79 years, and patients ≥80 years. Statistical testing included χ2 test for categorical variables and Student t-test for continuous variables. Two comparisons were performed: first, comparing patients <65 years old with patients ≥65 to 79 years old; and second, comparing patients ≥65 to 79 years old with patients ≥80 years old. Results: There were a total of 12,262 procedures performed, with 8608 procedures in the patients <65 years, 3226 in patients 65 to 79 years, and 428 procedures in patients ≥80 years. A total of 22,050 veins were treated during the 12,262 procedures. Almost half of procedures (46.51%; n = 5703) had only one vein treated during a single procedure. Between age groups, the percentage of one vein treated increased as the patient's age increased, ranging from 45.39% (n = 3875) for patients <65 years to 48.55% (n = 1555) for patients between 65 and 79 years and 64.08% (n = 273) for patients ≥80 years. Patients in the group ≥80 years had an overall lower average body mass index and were more likely to be receiving anticoagulation and to undergo truncal procedures alone compared with the other groups. The group ≥80 years had a significant improvement in both Venous Clinical Severity Score (4.37 ± 4.16; P <.001) and patient-reported outcomes (8.79 ± 7.27; P <.001) from before to after the procedure. Overall complications were low in all age groups. The octogenarians had no higher risk of systemic complications. Conclusions: Vascular specialists are performing VV procedures in octogenarians and are more likely to perform truncal only therapy. In addition, octogenarians have statistically significant improvement of Venous Clinical Severity Score and patient-reported outcomes with a low risk of complications despite more advanced venous disease at presentation.
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    Author List

  • Sutzko DC; Obi AT; Kimball AS; Smith ME; Wakefield TW; Osborne NH
  • Start Page

  • 464
  • End Page

  • 470
  • Volume

  • 6
  • Issue

  • 4