Variation in Hospital Door-to-Intervention Time for Ruptured AAAs and Its Association with Outcomes

Academic Article


  • Background: A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is a life-threatening condition that carries a high mortality rate. Recent guidelines have recommended a goal “door-to-intervention” time of ≤90 minutes despite a paucity of evidence to support this goal. The aim of this study was to analyze recent trends in door-to-intervention time for rAAAs and determine the effect of the 90-minute door-to-intervention benchmark on postoperative complications. Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent open aortic repair (OAR) or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of a rAAA in the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2003–2018) was performed. Variation in door-to-intervention time was analyzed at the patient and hospital level. Patients were dichotomized into ≤90 or >90 minute door-to-intervention time cohorts. Hierarchical modeling controlling for the hospital random effect and multivariate logistic models was used to analyze the association on 30-day mortality and major in-hospital complications. Results: A total of 3,630 operative cases for rAAA were identified (1696 OAR and 1934 EVAR). For the OAR cohort, 1035 patients (61%) had a door-to-intervention time of ≤90 minutes. However, at the hospital level, a minority of hospitals (49%) reliably achieved the OAR goal door-to-intervention time. For OARs, there was no difference in 30-day risk-adjusted major complications or mortality between the ≤90- and > 90-minute cohorts. For EVAR, 1014 patients (53.8%) had a door-to-intervention time of ≤90 minutes and a minority of hospitals (40%) upheld the recommended ≤90 minute door-to-intervention threshold. In the EVAR group, patients with a ≤90 minute door-to-intervention time had higher rates of postoperative myocardial infarction (12.0% vs. 8.5%; P < 0.05) but no difference in 30-day risk-adjusted mortality. Conclusions: A low percentage of rAAAs are being treated within the recommended door-to-intervention time. Despite this deficiency, the ≤90-minute benchmark has minimal impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality. Based on these findings, alternative quality metrics should be identified to improve the clinical care of patients with rAAA.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Davis FM; Sutzko DC; Smith ME; Gallagher K; Henke PK; Osborne N
  • Start Page

  • 83
  • End Page

  • 91
  • Volume

  • 62