Purpose: Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is designed to ensure accurate and precise targeting, but whether improved clinical outcomes result is unknown. Methods and materials: A retrospective comparison of locally advanced lung cancer patients treated with and without IGRT from 2001 to 2012 was conducted. Median local failure-free survival (LFFS), regional, locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS), distant failure-free survival, progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS) were estimated. Univariate and multivariate models assessed the association between patient- and treatment-related covariates and local failure. Results: A total of 169 patients were treated with definitive radiation therapy and concurrent chemotherapy with a median follow-up of 48 months in the IGRT cohort and 96 months in the non-IGRT cohort. IGRT was used in 36% (62 patients) of patients. OS was similar between cohorts (2-year OS, 47% vs 49%, P = .63). The IGRT cohort had improved 2-year LFFS (80% vs 64%, P = .013) and LRFFS (75% and 62%, P = .04). Univariate analysis revealed IGRT and treatment year improved LFFS, whereas group stage, dose, and positron emission tomography/computed tomography planning had no impact. IGRT remained significant in the multivariate model with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.40 (P = .01). Distant failure-free survival (58% vs 59%, P = .67) did not differ significantly. Conclusion: IGRT with daily cone beam computed tomography confers an improvement in the therapeutic ratio relative to patients treated without this technology.