Is Perceived Stigma in Clinical Settings Associated with Poor Health Status among New York City's Residents of Color?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objectives:Our objectives were to assess rates of perceived stigma in health care (clinical) settings reported by racially diverse New York City residents and to examine if this perceived stigma is associated with poorer physical and mental health outcomes.Methods:We analyzed data from the 2016 New York City Community Health Survey. We applied bivariable and multivariable methods to assess rates of perceived stigma, and perceived stigma's statistical relationship with health care access, physical health status, and mental health status controlling for sociodemographics and health insurance status.Results:Perceived stigma was associated with poorer health care access [odds ratio (OR)=7.07, confidence interval (CI)=5.32-9.41), depression (OR=3.80, CI=2.66-5.43), diabetes (OR=1.86, CI=1.36-2.54), and poor overall general health (OR=0.43, CI=0.33-0.57). Hispanic respondents reported the highest rate of perceived stigma among racial and ethnic minority groups (mean=0.07, CI=0.05-0.08).Conclusions:We found that perceived stigma in health care settings was a potential barrier to good health. Prior studies have illustrated that negative health outcomes are common for patients who avoid or delay care; thus, the unfortunate conclusion is that even in a diverse, heterogeneous community, stigma persists and may negatively affect well-being. Therefore, eliminating stigma in clinical settings should be a top priority for health care providers and public health professionals seeking to improve health equity.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Medical Care  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • De P; Pozen A; Budhwani H
  • Start Page

  • 960
  • End Page

  • 967
  • Volume

  • 57
  • Issue

  • 12